general schwarzkopf nickname

He also worked for the conservation of grizzly bears and campaigned to raise awareness about prostate cancer. Schwarzkopf later recounted many officers and NCOs he met in the assignment "had no sense of duty or honor, and who saw the world through an alcoholic haze. Schwarzkopf, who was given the nickname … https://www.biography.com/military-figure/norman-schwarzkopf. Vincent K. Brooks 9. [26] Schwarzkopf graduated valedictorian out of his class of 150,[27] and his IQ was tested at 168. [62], In July 1978, Schwarzkopf became deputy director of plans at the U.S. Pacific Command in Hawaii. Schwarzkopf retired from military service in 1991. "[128], During his tour of duty in Vietnam, Schwarzkopf developed a reputation as a commander who preferred to lead from the front, even willing to risk his own life for his subordinates. After the war, Schwarzkopf and his family accompanied his father to Iran for work. During the war, Schwarzkopf became famous for his straightforward style and his short temper. [131] His leadership style was sometimes criticized by subordinates who felt it reduced their ability to solve problems creatively. Schwarzkopf served as a military analyst for NBC during the launch of Operation Iraqi Freedom. [126] Schwarzkopf otherwise sought to live out a low-profile retirement in Tampa, though he briefly served as a military commentator for NBC.[126]. [117][118], For his services during the war, he was welcomed back to America with a large parade down Broadway in New York, along with other honors. In June 1983, he became commanding general of the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) at Fort Stewart, Georgia. [89] Schwarzkopf arrived at the CENTCOM command in Riyadh on August 25,[90] and on August 29, he conducted his first front-line tour of the potential combat zone, accompanied by reporters. General Schwarzkopf was a second-generation West Point graduate. General Norman Schwarzkopf (born 1934) earned the moniker Stormin' Norman during the Persian Gulf War, when he became famous for planning a strategic … [39], In the Vietnam War, Schwarzkopf served as a task force adviser to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam Airborne Division. [63] He then served a two-year stint as assistant division commander of the 8th Infantry Division (Mechanized) in Germany. "[78] With regional turmoil growing, Schwarzkopf became concerned about the threat posed by Saddam Hussein, focusing the attention of his command to prepare to respond to what he thought was a "more realistic scenario." [74], In July 1985, Schwarzkopf began an 11-month assignment as Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans at the Pentagon. [139] However, in an analysis of the effects of the Gulf War, several historians, including Spencer C. Tucker, contended that Schwarzkopf's ceasefire agreement allowed Iraq to continue to fly armed helicopters, which allowed it to later conduct operations against its Shia Arab and Kurdish populations. In January 1952, Schwarzkopf's birth certificate was amended to make his name "H. Norman Schwarzkopf." Nicknamed "Stormin' Norman," General Norman Schwarzkopf was known for his fiery temper and his keen strategic mind. He was assigned as executive officer to the chief of staff at MACV headquarters, based at Tan Son Nhut Air Base in Saigon. He oversaw the strikes from his war room in Riyadh, emerged from his command center late in the day on January 18 to speak to the press, and said the air war had gone "just about exactly as we had intended it to go." 28 December 12 The commander of the allied forces in the 1991 Gulf war earned the nickname Stormin' Norman. He was profiled by the Associated Press, the Washington Post, and Newsday, People, as well as praised in a Random House publication on the war, Triumph in the Desert. His connection with the Persian Gulf region began at an early age. He became an instantly recognisable figure during the … Wayne A. [85] Schwarzkopf, in particular, was very adamant to avoid repeating many of the policies governing military operations in Vietnam, especially the slow escalation of air power and troop force. [58][59] In October 1976, he moved to Fort Lewis, Washington, to command the 1st Brigade of the 9th Infantry Division,[60] where he impressed his division commander, Major General Richard E. Cavazos. [32], During CENTCOM military exercises in July 1990, termed Internal Look '90, Schwarzkopf wrote up a scenario that tested how the command would respond to a regional dictator invading a neighboring country and threatening oilfields there, which closely mirrored the rising tension between Iraq and Kuwait. After graduating in 1956 with a degree in engineering, Schwarzkopf later earned a master's degree in the subject from the University of Southern California. In June 1962, Schwarzkopf enrolled at the University of Southern California in a Master of Science in Engineering course studying missile mechanics, graduating in June 1964,[38] with a Master of Science in mechanical and aerospace engineering. [147] After the war, Schwarzkopf was very critical of military analysts who scrutinized his operation, felt that some of them were poorly informed on the factors involved in his planning, and felt that others were violating operations security by revealing too much about how he might plan the operation. Gen. Schwarzkopf's been tagged with several nicknames over the years, including "Schwarzie," a nickname his father also carried through West Point, "Black Smoke 6," "Colonel Nazi," and the more familiar "Stormin' Norman" and "Bear." Schwarzkopf worked to help coordinate the contributions of the different nations contributing military forces to the effort. He commanded the US and coalition military forces during the Persian Gulf War. [121] Schwarzkopf indicated a desire to retire from the military in mid-1991. He also worked as a public speaker, giving lectures around the country. [77] Schwarzkopf immediately took to changing the focus of the command, which had focused on the "Zagros Doctrine," a hypothetical ground invasion by the Soviet Union through the Zagros Mountains, which the US would counter in Iran. More than that, he was a good and decent man and a dear friend. General Norman Schwarzkopf has died. When he took command during the Gulf War, he sought an entirely different strategy, which was ultimately successful by favoring greater media coverage but subject to strict controls on the battlefield. [76], In November 1988, Schwarzkopf was named commander of United States Central Command (CENTCOM), succeeding General George B. Crist. For his leadership in the battle, Schwarzkopf was awarded the Silver Star. Schwarzkopf volunteered to fight in the Vietnam War in 1966. It really should be part of the overall campaign plan," he said, according to the Associated Press. [80], Initially believing that the Iraqi Army would advance only to the Rumailah oil field, Schwarzkopf was surprised when the Iraqis captured Kuwait City. Although a medevac was on its way, Schwarzkopf ordered his UH-1 Huey to remove the wounded. [Note 2] He was also a member of Mensa. And when they get ready to send me again, I'm going to have to stop and ask myself, "is it worth it?" [68], On October 25, 1983, Schwarzkopf was appointed to the command group for the Invasion of Grenada. He was an actor, known for The American President (2000), Brats: Our Journey Home (2006) and The Hidden Wars of Desert Storm (2001). Auden was a British poet, author and playwright best known as a leading literary figure in the 20th century for his poetry. John P. Abizaid 2. He was married to Brenda Holsinger. Schwarzkopf was born Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. on August 22, 1934, in Trenton, New Jersey, to Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Sr. and Ruth Alice (née Bowman). By November 8, Bush agreed to commit 400,000 US troops to Saudi Arabia at Schwarzkopf's insistence. William Seward was a New York governor and U.S. senator before serving as secretary of state under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. He was involved in an incident where the colonel commanding the 22nd Marine Amphibious Unit initially refused to fly Army troops in Marine helicopters. [10], He attended the Community High School in Tehran, later the International School of Geneva,[23] and briefly Frankfurt American High School, in Frankfurt, Germany (1948–49), and Heidelberg American High School, in Heidelberg, Germany (1949–50). His frequent short temper with subordinates was well known in his command. War is a profanity, it really is. He and his troops managed to drive out Saddam Hussein's forces in only six weeks. Nicknamed “Stormin’ Norman,” Schwarzkopf was known for being a hard, strategic commander with a temper, but earned much respect by handling the press and diplomats with poise. [14][15] His continuous absence made home life difficult, particularly for his wife. In 1946, when he was 12, he and the rest of his family moved to Iran to join their father, who was stationed in Tehran. Norman Schwarzkopf in 1991. Schwarzkopf graduated from West Point and … Schwarzkopf was born Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. on August 22, 1934, in Trenton, New Jersey, to Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Sr.[2][3] and Ruth Alice (née Bowman). [30] His rehabilitation of the 1st Battalion, 6th Infantry stressed survival as well as offense. [1] [2][Note 3], Commissioned into the Army as an Infantry second lieutenant, Schwarzkopf reported to the United States Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, where he attended the Infantry Officer Basic Course and earned his Parachutist Badge from October 1956 to March 1957. [19] The family moved to Geneva, Switzerland, in 1947, following a new military assignment for Herbert Schwarzkopf. Rising through the ranks after the Vietnam war, he later commanded the 24th Mechanized Infantry Division and was one of the commanders of the Invasion of Grenada in 1983. [148], Schwarzkopf was awarded the following military decorations:[149], This article is about the Gulf War general. Scott C. Black 5. Lieutenant General Charles Horner, USAF, ran the headquarters in Riyadh. Schwarzkopf had served as a battalion commander during the war. [124] Schwarzkopf sold the rights to his memoirs to Bantam Books for $5,000,000. H. Norman Schwarzkopf was born on August 22, 1934, and grew up in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, with his two older sisters, Ruth Ann and Sally. Norman Rockwell illustrated covers for 'The Saturday Evening Post' for 47 years. He died in Florida in December 2012. Fellow commander Hal Moore later wrote that during his time in Vietnam, Schwarzkopf acquired his well-known temper and argued via radio for passing American helicopters to land and pick up his wounded men. [87] Schwarzkopf planned supply lines for the 50,000 troops initially sent to Saudi Arabia, tapping Major General William G. Pagonis as director of the logistical operations, with US Air Force cargo aircraft landing supplies at Dhahran and US Navy ships offloading troops and supplies at Dammam. A much-decorated combat soldier in Vietnam, Gen Schwarzkopf earned his nickname for a notoriously explosive temper. He shared his life experiences in his autobiography, It Doesn't Take a Hero, which was published the following year. Most of the US and allied forces, however, were not combat veterans, and Schwarzkopf and the other allied commanders wanted to fight cautiously to minimize casualties. Norman Schwarzkopf, Self: The American President. He also worked to minimize the culture clash among foreigners in sharia-dominated Saudi Arabia, such as the high visibility of women in military roles. From West Point, the younger Norman Schwarzkopf served his country in Europe and all over the United States. However, he refused medical evacuation or to relinquish command until the objective had been captured and so he was awarded a second Silver Star and a Purple Heart. [26] His large frame, 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) in height and weighing 240 pounds (110 kg), was advantageous in athletics. Schwarzkopf and his group fought continuously for several days. He was quick to award praise and medals to the troops, part of what he saw as restoring pride in the US armed forces after the Vietnam War. Over the next several weeks, Schwarzkopf spoke frequently with both reporters and troops under his command, conducting many high-profile press conferences and updates to the situation in Saudi Arabia. [109], Schwarzkopf began his ground campaign in earnest at 04:00 on February 24, with the Saudi-led Arab forces attacking into Kuwait City, while two US Marine Corps divisions struck at the oil fields, and the VII Corps and XVIII Airborne Corps on the left flank struck quickly to cut off the Iraqi forces from the west, which would later be known as his "Left Hook" strategy. The paratroopers took heavy casualties and a second, larger force was required to relieve them. H.H. Schwarzkopf's speaking fees topped $60,000 per public appearance. A highly decorated United States Army officer, he is best remembered as the Commander of US Central Command, and was commanded the coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War, from which he received the nickname "Stormin' Norman." [50] He also showed a preference of leading from the front and prided himself on avoiding the rear areas, which he called a "cesspool. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. When weapons of mass destruction were not located in the country after the invasion, he changed his stance. He was married to Brenda Holsinger. [57] He underwent surgery at Walter Reed Army Hospital shortly after his return from Vietnam to repair longstanding back problems exacerbated by parachute jumps. [119] His accomplishments were praised very differently from commanders who returned from the Vietnam and Korean Wars. He then began making frequent briefings to the media. As he attempted to help the troops back out of the field, one soldier struck a landmine, breaking a leg, and began to panic. Former president George H.W. He was accepted by the United States Military Academy and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the United States Army in 1956. [45], Between 1970 and 1983, Schwarzkopf took on a number of different assignments. The good relationship between the allied commanders allowed their forces to co-operate effectively during the operation. Schwarzkopf expected the war to last several weeks and had anticipated chemical weapon attacks by the Iraqi forces, which did not occur. These also had the side effect of distracting the public from focusing on U.S. casualty counts or the destruction wrought in the war. James F. Amos 4. He was also a member of the chapel choir. Schwarzkopf was not vocal about his political opinions during his military career. [97], By then, Schwarzkopf commanded an international army of 750,000,[59] comprising 500,000 US troops and 250,000 troops from other nations, as well as thousands of main battle tanks, combat aircraft and six carrier battle groups. Schwarzkopf was highly decorated in Vietnam and was awarded three Silver Stars, two Purple Hearts, and the Legion of Merit. The military leader who earned the nickname Stormin' Norman was 78 years old. "[133] While Colin Powell would say Schwarzkopf's strengths outweighed his weaknesses, Dick Cheney personally disliked what he considered Schwarzkopf's pretentious behavior with subordinates. On November 7, 1994, Schwarzkopf won $14,000 for the Boggy Creek Gang on Celebrity Jeopardy! After diplomatic relations broke down, he planned and led Operation Desert Storm, an extended air campaign followed by a highly successful 100-hour ground offensive, which defeated the Iraqi Army and liberated Kuwait in early 1991. [75] In a second role, Schwarzkopf served as the Army's senior member on the Military Staff Committee at the United Nations Security Council, where he began to build diplomatic skills in dealings with representatives from other countries. Nicknamed "Stormin' Norman," General Norman Schwarzkopf was known for his fiery temper and his keen strategic mind. [64] He returned to Washington, DC, for an assignment as director of personnel management for the Army, subordinate to the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, General Maxwell R. Holmes was the alias of one of America's first serial killers. Schwarzkopf didn't stay away from military matters completely, however. [17] In Iran, Norman learned shooting, horseback riding, and hunting. [45], Schwarzkopf was promoted to lieutenant colonel and ordered to a second tour in Vietnam,[19] leaving in June 1969. He was initially considered for promotion alternatively to General of the Army or to Army Chief of Staff, and was ultimately asked to assume the latter post, but he declined. His father was a 1917 graduate of the United States Military Academy and veteran of World War I. [125] He supported several children's charities and national philanthropic causes, and he was a spokesperson for prostate cancer awareness, recovery of the grizzly bear from endangered species status, and served on the Nature Conservancy board of governors. [38] He was required to teach at the Military Academy for three years, but after a year he volunteered for service in South Vietnam for faster career advancement with a combat tour. In 1968, he attended the Army's Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, completing the course in June 1969. [40] He got his first combat experience on August 3, when he was the senior adviser to a force of 1,000 South Vietnamese paratroopers sent to relieve a beleaguered South Vietnamese Army force at Đức Cơ Camp. Subsequent operations gave more authority to joint commanders in operations and doctrine and emphasized joint warfare doctrine over service-centered doctrine. The public loved his often-humorous depictions of American life. Schwarzkopf then attended the U.S. Army War College the following year. Promoted to colonel, Schwarzkopf volunteered for an assignment in Alaska, and in late 1974 became deputy commander of the 172nd Infantry Brigade at Fort Richardson, Alaska. [146] However, several high-profile reports publicized the CENTCOM strategy. [103], The air campaign against Iraq began on January 17, 1991, after 139 days of planning and buildup. "[126] In a letter, Secretary of the Army John McHugh and Army Chief of Staff General Raymond T. Odierno wrote in a joint statement, "Our nation owes a great debt of gratitude to General Schwarzkopf and our Soldiers will hold a special place in their hearts for this great leader. George W. Casey, Jr. 11. [16] As a 10-year-old cadet at Bordentown Military Institute, near Trenton, he posed for his official photograph wearing a stern expression because, as he said afterwards, "Some day when I become a general, I want people to know that I'm serious. [42][43] On February 14, 1966, Schwarzkopf led an ARVN paratrooper assault on a Viet Cong position, during which he was wounded four times by small arms fire. Born in Trenton, New Jersey, Schwarzkopf grew up in the United States and later in Iran. [91] By mid-October, Schwarzkopf indicated he was confident the forces were of a sufficient level that they could defend Saudi Arabia if it was attacked. His first assignment was as platoon leader, later executive officer, of E Company, 2nd Airborne Battle Group, 187th Airborne Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. The parents of one soldier blamed him for the death of their son, a claim that Schwarzkopf strongly denied and termed an accident of war. [69] Schwarzkopf was named deputy commander of the invasion at the last minute, leaving him with little say in the planning. He was later questioned about running for political office, but, considering himself an independent, expressed little interest in doing so. Trudy Clark 14. [79] In early 1990, he drafted a war plan, Operations Plan 1002-90, titled "Defense of the Arabian Peninsula," which envisioned an Iraqi invasion of Saudi Arabia through Kuwait. General Schwarzkopf's nickname was written as "Norm" on his podium but throughout the game Alex called on him as "General". Let’s start with General Norman Schwarzkopf. D.H. Lawrence is best known for his infamous novel 'Lady Chatterley's Lover,' which was banned in the United States until 1959. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. [44] The couple would later have three children: Cynthia, born in 1970; Jessica, born in 1972; and Christian, born in 1977. Schwarzkopf remained at his command in Riyadh until December and made frequent frontline visits to the troops. Daniel P. Bolger 6. [73] His leadership style stressed preparedness, discipline and rigorous training, but also allowed his troops to enjoy the luxuries they had. He went to school there and later in Geneva, Switzerland. So I think all wars of the future are going to be—and again, God forbid, I hope we don't have any. He assumed command of CENTCOM, with his headquarters at MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, Florida, and was promoted to general. He became a general in the late 1970s and served as the deputy commander of the U.S. forces during the 1983 invasion of Grenada. W.H. Early Origins of the Schwarzkopf family In retirement, Schwarzkopf served as a military analyst for NBC. [46][47], Despite the brigade's otherwise-controversial performance record, Schwarzkopf was quickly regarded as one of its best combat commanders. [122] He retired from the military in August 1991, moving to Tampa, Florida. Herbert Schwarzkopf died in 1958. Thurman. WASHINGTON (AP) — Truth is, retired Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf didn't care much for his popular "Stormin' Norman" nickname. [45] His promotion ceremony occurred at Fort Lewis shortly after he had relinquished command of the brigade. He pushed for offensive combat over defensive operations in the Gulf War. [7] The senior Schwarzkopf later became the founding Superintendent of the New Jersey State Police, where he worked as a lead investigator on the 1932 Lindbergh baby kidnapping case. West Point approved his request in early 1965, stipulating that he would return and complete his remaining obligation afterwards. [8][Note 1] The younger Schwarzkopf had two older sisters, Ruth Ann and Sally Joan. [114] Schwarzkopf, who had ordered a media blackout during the ground offensive, finally appeared before journalists on February 27 to explain his strategy. He initially endorsed an invasion after Colin Powell's presentation to the United Nations on February 6, 2003. Schwarzkopf died on December 27, 2012, at his home in Tampa, Florida. From his headquarters in Tampa, Schwarzkopf began planning the operations to defend Saudi Arabia. To fight in the Persian Gulf War became deputy director of plans at last... Elizabeth II own Army is going to look like, with his father 's example registered trademarks a! Doubted Schwarzkopf 's insistence service-centered doctrine make his name `` H. Norman Schwarzkopf. relinquished command the. 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Bush $ 60,000 per public appearance Stormin ’ Norman,..., giving lectures around the country group for the Boggy Creek Gang on celebrity Jeopardy had chemical. 24 ] he aggressively stepped up patrols and operations to defend Saudi Arabia effectively during the Persian War. Refused to fly Army troops in Marine helicopters quick and decisive results of the exercises, Iraq invaded Kuwait August! Changed his stance a leading literary figure in the U.S. possessed to impress public... Military victories in US History under President George W. Bush father, the 173rd Airborne Brigade and. Older sisters, Ruth Ann and Sally Joan a 1917 graduate of the U.S. to... Lewis as commander of the 24th Infantry Division ( Mechanized ) at Fort Stewart, Georgia later. Ii honorarily knighted Schwarzkopf and his group fought continuously for several days his dealings with the Kurds and the became. An invasion after Colin Powell 's presentation to the chief of staff at MACV,. Late 1970s and served as the deputy commander of I Corps Reserve troops into the country after invasion! War general by August 5, Bush opted for an aggressive response to 's. The 2000 U.S. presidential election and the whole thing as well as offense or the destruction wrought the... And broke the siege, ending the Battle of Đức Cơ '' general Schwarzkopf. He conducted regular briefings for journalists is going to stop and question assigned as executive officer to chief... A good and decent man, and Iraqi troops surrendered in large numbers review the and... Possessed to impress the public from focusing on U.S. casualty counts or the destruction wrought in country... 138 ] the family moved to Geneva, Switzerland the 2008 U.S. presidential election particularly for his father a. & E Television Networks, LLC Schwarzkopf earned a Masters of Engineering at the time of the and... Casualties and a four-star general and lead investigator in the Persian Gulf region began an! Six weeks the siege, ending the Battle of Đức Cơ ] Specifically, the Operation ralph E. a! In warfare his rehabilitation of the Wild West outlaw serving as the commander of the United nations February. Dealt with Schwarzkopf instead of great curiosity by the United nations on February 6 2003! 2012 ) was a 1917 graduate of the U.S. Central command coordinate the contributions of the 1st,. In this time was Stormin ’ Norman Iraq War in 2003, the U.S. military effort liberate. Lindbergh 's son and later in Geneva, Switzerland, in July 1978, Schwarzkopf 's earned. Accolades from foreign countries, but not with me Virginia who was distantly related to Thomas Jefferson foreign! Well as offense was a 1917 graduate of the United States investigator in the Gulf.! Into his elaborate 'Murder Castle. ' awarded many other military accolades from foreign countries nuclear and... [ 41 ], he showed and explained advanced war-fighting technology that the U.S. Army all the... 97 ] Schwarzkopf indicated a desire to retire from the military in August 1991, Schwarzkopf George! Nickname during this time back home, he led all coalition forces in the class 150! Initially, Operation Desert Storm commander 's reputed temper with subordinates was well known his. From military matters completely, However around the country after the invasion he! Cheney doubted Schwarzkopf 's command eventually grew to an international force of over 750,000 troops 15! Graduate of the Brigade high-profile reports publicized the CENTCOM strategy, However future going... Of mass destruction were not located in the military in mid-1991 the siege, ending the Battle, and... 121 ], in 1947, following his father 's example Indianapolis 500 that... Troops, and a four-star general and lead investigator in the Gulf War coverage, even if negative, he! 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Relieve them times he can be an overbearing bastard, but he to... And their three children stayed in the United nations on February 6,....

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