dog breeds wiki

You can search trough all the breeds including pictures and … Our website presents dog breeds. A typical brachycephalic molossoid type breed, the Bordeaux is a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body. These included spitz-breeds, toy dogs, spaniels, Mastiff-like breeds, small terriers, retrievers, herding dogs, scent-hounds, and sight-hounds. Between 1915 and 1940, American Kennel Club statistics … [19], In 2014, a study indicated that some breed-temperaments, such as anxiety or fear, may be linked to gene mutations. The spread of modern dog breeds has been difficult to resolve because many are the products of the controlled breeding practices of the Victorian era (1830–1900). [18], As dogs are a subspecies but their breeds are distinct genetic units, and because only certain breeds share the same type of cancers as humans, the differences in the genes of different breeds may be useful in human medical research. These breeds possess distinct morphological traits including body size, skull shape, tail phenotype, fur colour and fur type. This is a list of dog breeds, including extant breeds and extinct breeds, varieties and types. English: Dog breeds normally have several different names. Browse our list of 220 dog breeds to find the perfect dog breed for you, and then find adoptable dogs and dog shelters close to you. The German Shepherd (German: Deutscher Schäferhund), also known as the Alsatian, is a breed of medium-large dog. Some people live by the motto “bigger is better,” and it extends to their dogs, too. Over time, other breed registries followed suit. Other dogs were more massive at 30 kg (66 lb) and appear to be dogs that had been crossed with wolves and used for polar-bear hunting. The Welsh Terrier is a breed of dog. List of dog breeds, for a complete list of breed names, including many known variants, whether or not there are existing articles. Not to be confused with the Golden Retriever The Golden Labrador is not a purebred dog. If those other lineages were other basal breeds then a basal genetic signature remains. Here you find Dog Breeds from A to Z. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognizes over 300 dog breeds. Dog show competitions included best in breed winners, and the purebreds were winning. The German Shepherd (German: Deutscher Schäferhund, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃɐ ˈʃɛːfɐˌhʊnt]) is a breed of medium to large-sized working dog that originated in Germany. [2], A dog breed will consistently produce the desirable physical traits, movement and temperament that were developed over decades of selective breeding. List of extinct dog breeds, varieties and types. Feists have a consistent set of characteristics that reliably differentiate them from other dog types and breeds. They often serve as registries, which are lists of adult purebred dogs and lists of litters of puppies born to purebred parents. Dogs with a breed standard may be accepted into one or more of the major registries (kennel clubs) of dog breeds, including the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (formed 1911, covering 98 countries[30]), The Kennel Club (1873, UK), American Kennel Club (1884), New Zealand Kennel Club (1886), Canadian Kennel Club (1888), United Kennel Club (1898), United Kennel Clubs International (UCI, Germany 1976), Australian National Kennel Council (1958), and other national breed registries. See also: Dog type for information about the original types from which breeds were created. As in a 2004 study that found 9 ‘ancient breeds’ to be genetically divergent, the study found 13 breeds that were genetically divergent from the modern breeds: the Basenji, Saluki, Afghan hound, Samoyed, Canaan dog, New Guinea singing dog, dingo, Chow Chow, Chinese Shar Pei, Akita, Alaskan malamute, Siberian husky and American Eskimo dog. 1 Nintendogs (DS) 1.1 Table 1.2 Visual 1.2.1 Chihuahua & Friends 1.2.2 Labrador & Friends 1.2.3 Dachshund & Friends 1.2.4 Dalmatian & Friends 1.2.5 Best Friends 1.2.6 Chihuahua & Friends (JAP) 1.2.7 Shiba Inu & Friends 1.2.8 Dachshund & Friends (JAP) 2 Nintendogs + Cats (3DS) 2.1 Table 2.2 Visual 2.2.1 French Bulldog & New Friends 2.2.2 Golden Retriever & New Friends / Shiba Inu & New … Purebred dog breeders of today "have inherited a breeding paradigm that is, at the very least, a bit anachronistic in light of modern genetic knowledge, and that first arose out of a pretty blatant misinterpretation of Darwin and an enthusiasm for social theories that have long been discredited as scientifically insupportable and morally questionable. Notably, dog breeds with flat faces and short noses have breathing difficulties,[37] eye trouble and other health issues.[38]. Name Image Notes Alaunt: Large running dogs used during the Middle Ages to seize and bring down game for the hunter to dispatch; they were described as having the body of a greyhound with a broad and short brachycephalic type head. Most breeds were derived from small numbers of founders within the last 200 years. The skull, body, and limb proportions vary significantly between breeds, with dogs displaying more phenotypic diversity than can be found within the entire order of carnivores. Breed categories. [1] Dogs are the most variable mammal on earth, with artificial selection producing around 450 globally recognized dog breeds. Breeds are usually categorized by the functional type from which the breed was developed. It is becoming popular to breed together two different breeds of dogs and call the new dog's breed a name that is a mixture of the parents' breeds' two names. Results also indicated that the Basenji had recent admixture with Middle Eastern wolves.[17]. Detailed profiles of more than 200 dog breeds. Dog types are broad categories of dogs based on form, function or style of work, lineage, or appearance. Mastiff-type dogs were kept for guarding and hunting, and short-legged dogs were also bred. [31], Purebred dogs have more health problems than mongrel dogs, and require more veterinary visits,[32] and tend to have lower longevity. There are over 340 dog breeds known throughout the world. [42], Natural breeds rose through time in response to a particular environment and in isolation from other populations of the species. For instance, the feist is a hunting dog raised in the Southern United States for hunting small game. They share ancestry with the Pekingese, Japanese Chin, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Tibetan Terrier and Pug. [25] California Assembly Act AB 1634 was a bill introduced in 2007 that would require all non-working dogs of mixed breed over the age of 6 months to be neutered or spayed. The study found that the Pharaoh Hound and Ibizan Hound were not as old as once believed; rather, they had been recreated from combinations of other breeds, and that the Norwegian Elkhound grouped with the other European dogs despite reports of direct Scandinavian origins dating back 5,000 years.[15]. [21] Dogs of a specific breed breed true, producing young that are very similar to their parents. Some breeds demonstrate outstanding skills in herding, retrieving, scent detection, and guarding, which demonstrates the functional and behavioral diversity of dogs. [8], In 2017, a study showed that 9,000 years ago the domestic dog was present at what is now Zhokhov Island, arctic north-eastern Siberia, which was connected to the mainland at that time. The Tibetan Spaniel is a breed of assertive, small, intelligent dogs originating over 2,500 years ago in the Himalayan mountains of Tibet. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dog breeds. The domestic dog is the first species, and the only large carnivore, to have been domesticated. The domestic dog's origin includes the dog's genetic divergence from the wolf, its domestication, and its development into dog types and dog breeds.The dog is a member of the genus Canis, which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and was the first species and the only large carnivore to have been domesticated. [35][36] This list includes common breeds, rare breeds, and breeds that are still being developed into new breeds. It was first developed in Germany.They are often used as police dogs, but they have many other uses. The origins of dogs date back thousands of years, having evolved as domesticated descendants of the wolf, whereas modern dog breeds date back to the late 19th century. Dog types are broad categories of domestic dogs based on form, function or style of work, lineage, or appearance. The Intelligence of Dogs is a 1994 book on dog intelligence by Stanley Coren, a professor of canine psychology at the University of British Columbia. This breed in the 1600s was involved in dog fighting, which at the time was popular in Japan. The breed standard for each breed of dog is a detailed description of the appearance and behaviour of an idealized dog of that breed. This continues today, resulting in hundreds of dog breeds, some that are similar to each other, and others that are very different. A dog is a friend that never betrays the master. 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